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Nominal Tube Dimensions Chart (BWG)


Chart includes outside diameter, inside diameter, wall thickness and gauge. Sizes are based on Birmingham Wire Gauge (BWG) and Stubs Wire Gauge standards.
Tube OD: Outside Diameter (O.D.):
Gauge/Thickness: Tube Gauge / Thickness:

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Nominal Tube Dimensions / Wall Thickness Chart
Tube O.D.
(Outside Diameter)
Tube Gauge
BWG 00 BWG 0 BWG 1 BWG 2 BWG 3 BWG 4 BWG 5 BWG 6 BWG 7 BWG 8 BWG 9 BWG 10 BWG 11 BWG 12 BWG 13 BWG 14 BWG 15 BWG 16 BWG 17 BWG 18 BWG 19 BWG 20 BWG 21 BWG 22 BWG 23 BWG 24
Wall Thickness (Inches)
0.380 0.340 0.300 0.284 0.259 0.238 0.220 0.203 0.180 0.165 0.148 0.134 0.120 0.109 0.095 0.083 0.072 0.065 0.058 0.049 0.042 0.035 0.032 0.028 0.025 0.022
Tube I.D.
1/4"  N/A  N/A  N/A  N/A  N/A  N/A  N/A  N/A  N/A  N/A  N/A  N/A 0.010 0.032 0.060 0.084 0.106 0.120 0.134 0.152 0.166 0.180 0.186 0.194 0.200 0.206
3/8"  N/A  N/A  N/A  N/A  N/A  N/A  N/A  N/A 0.015 0.045 0.079 0.107 0.135 0.157 0.185 0.209 0.231 0.245 0.259 0.277 0.291 0.305 0.311 0.319 0.325 0.331
1/2"  N/A  N/A  N/A  N/A  N/A 0.024 0.060 0.094 0.140 0.170 0.204 0.232 0.260 0.282 0.310 0.334 0.356 0.370 0.384 0.402 0.416 0.430 0.436 0.444 0.450 0.456
5/8"  N/A  N/A 0.025 0.057 0.107 0.149 0.185 0.219 0.265 0.295 0.329 0.357 0.385 0.407 0.435 0.459 0.481 0.495 0.509 0.527 0.541 0.555 0.561 0.569 0.575 0.581
3/4"  N/A 0.070 0.150 0.182 0.232 0.274 0.310 0.344 0.390 0.420 0.454 0.482 0.510 0.532 0.560 0.584 0.606 0.620 0.634 0.652 0.666 0.680 0.686 0.694 0.700 0.706
7/8" 0.115 0.195 0.275 0.307 0.357 0.399 0.435 0.469 0.515 0.545 0.579 0.607 0.635 0.657 0.685 0.709 0.731 0.745 0.759 0.777 0.791 0.805 0.811 0.819 0.825 0.831
1" 0.240 0.320 0.400 0.432 0.482 0.524 0.560 0.594 0.640 0.670 0.704 0.732 0.760 0.782 0.810 0.834 0.856 0.870 0.884 0.902 0.916 0.930 0.936 0.944 0.950 0.956
1 1/8" 0.365 0.445 0.525 0.557 0.607 0.649 0.685 0.719 0.765 0.795 0.829 0.857 0.885 0.907 0.935 0.959 0.981 0.995 1.009 1.027 1.041 1.055 1.061 1.069 1.075 1.081
1 1/4" 0.490 0.570 0.650 0.682 0.732 0.774 0.810 0.844 0.890 0.920 0.954 0.982 1.010 1.032 1.060 1.084 1.106 1.120 1.134 1.152 1.166 1.180 1.186 1.194 1.200 1.206
1 1/2" 0.740 0.820 0.900 0.932 0.982 1.024 1.060 1.094 1.140 1.170 1.204 1.232 1.260 1.282 1.310 1.334 1.356 1.370 1.384 1.402 1.416 1.430 1.436 1.444 1.450 1.456
1 3/4" 0.990 1.070 1.150 1.182 1.232 1.274 1.310 1.344 1.390 1.420 1.454 1.482 1.510 1.532 1.560 1.584 1.606 1.620 1.634 1.652 1.666 1.680 1.686 1.694 1.700 1.706
2" 1.240 1.320 1.400 1.432 1.482 1.524 1.560 1.594 1.640 1.670 1.704 1.732 1.760 1.782 1.810 1.834 1.856 1.870 1.884 1.902 1.916 1.930 1.936 1.944 1.950 1.956
2 1/4" 1.490 1.570 1.650 1.682 1.732 1.774 1.810 1.844 1.890 1.920 1.954 1.982 2.010 2.032 2.060 2.084 2.106 2.120 2.134 2.152 2.166 2.180 2.186 2.194 2.200 2.206
2 1/2" 1.740 1.820 1.900 1.932 1.982 2.024 2.060 2.094 2.140 2.170 2.204 2.232 2.260 2.282 2.310 2.334 2.356 2.370 2.384 2.402 2.416 2.430 2.436 2.444 2.450 2.456
2 3/4" 1.990 2.070 2.150 2.182 2.232 2.274 2.310 2.344 2.390 2.420 2.454 2.482 2.510 2.532 2.560 2.584 2.606 2.620 2.634 2.652 2.666 2.680 2.686 2.694 2.700 2.706
3" 2.240 2.320 2.400 2.432 2.482 2.524 2.560 2.594 2.640 2.670 2.704 2.732 2.760 2.782 2.810 2.834 2.856 2.870 2.884 2.902 2.916 2.930 2.936 2.944 2.950 2.956
3 1/4" 2.490 2.570 2.650 2.682 2.732 2.774 2.810 2.844 2.890 2.920 2.954 2.982 3.010 3.032 3.060 3.084 3.106 3.120 3.134 3.152 3.166 3.180 3.186 3.194 3.200 3.206
3 1/2" 2.740 2.820 2.900 2.932 2.982 3.024 3.060 3.094 3.140 3.170 3.204 3.232 3.260 3.282 3.310 3.334 3.356 3.370 3.384 3.402 3.416 3.430 3.436 3.444 3.450 3.456
3 3/4" 2.990 3.070 3.150 3.182 3.232 3.274 3.310 3.344 3.390 3.420 3.454 3.482 3.510 3.532 3.560 3.584 3.606 3.620 3.634 3.652 3.666 3.680 3.686 3.694 3.700 3.706
4" 3.240 3.320 3.400 3.432 3.482 3.524 3.560 3.594 3.640 3.670 3.704 3.732 3.760 3.782 3.810 3.834 3.856 3.870 3.884 3.902 3.916 3.930 3.936 3.944 3.950 3.956
4 1/4" 3.490 3.570 3.650 3.682 3.732 3.774 3.810 3.844 3.890 3.920 3.954 3.982 4.010 4.032 4.060 4.084 4.106 4.120 4.134 4.152 4.166 4.180 4.186 4.194 4.200 4.206
4 1/2" 3.740 3.820 3.900 3.932 3.982 4.024 4.060 4.094 4.140 4.170 4.204 4.232 4.260 4.282 4.310 4.334 4.356 4.370 4.384 4.402 4.416 4.430 4.436 4.444 4.450 4.456
4 3/4" 3.990 4.070 4.150 4.182 4.232 4.274 4.310 4.344 4.390 4.420 4.454 4.482 4.510 4.532 4.560 4.584 4.606 4.620 4.634 4.652 4.666 4.680 4.686 4.694 4.700 4.706
5" 4.240 4.320 4.400 4.432 4.482 4.524 4.560 4.594 4.640 4.670 4.704 4.732 4.760 4.782 4.810 4.834 4.856 4.870 4.884 4.902 4.916 4.930 4.936 4.944 4.950 4.956
5 1/4" 4.490 4.570 4.650 4.682 4.732 4.774 4.810 4.844 4.890 4.920 4.954 4.982 5.010 5.032 5.060 5.084 5.106 5.120 5.134 5.152 5.166 5.180 5.186 5.194 5.200 5.206

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Metal Tapered Tube Plugs

Metal Tapered Tube Plugs

Tapered plugs are the industry standard for plugging leaks in boilers and condensers. Metal tapered plugs are one of the simplest solutions to plugging a leaking heat exchanger.

USA Industries is able to manufacture your boiler, heat exchanger & condenser plugs in any size and material.

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Two-Piece Tube Plugs

Two-Piece
Tube Plugs

If you need to minimize damage to the tube sheet while sealing off a leaking heat exchanger, boiler or condenser, our two-piece plugs are what you need!

Using a cost-effective inner ring and pin, simply insert the pin (sized to the boiler tube) and hammer the pin until it's properly sealed.

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Rubber Tapered Plugs

Rubber Tapered Plugs

Given their high pliability, rubber plugs are ideal for low-pressure isolation or vacuum-testing applications. Stocked sizes range from 5/16" tube ID through 4 3/4" tube ID.

The plugs are made of neoprene and are reusable. Temperature range: -45°F to +300°F (-43°C to 149°C).

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Low & High Pressure Expandable Plugs

Low & High Pressure Expandable Plugs

Expandable plugs give you performance for both low- and high-pressure applications up to 150 psi.

Insert expanding plugs into heat exchanger, boiler or condenser tubes, finger-tighten, and then secure with a socket wrench until the proper seal is made.

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Inexpensive Cork Plugs

Inexpensive
Cork Plugs

Cork plugs are an inexpensive way to seal off your heat exchanger tubes during shipment or cleaning. Due to their low cost, industry experts also utilize cork plugs to identify tubes during rework.

Tapered corks are available in different grades for use in your condenser or boiler tubes.

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Threaded Tapered Plugs

Threaded Tapered Plugs

A fast and simple way to stop leaks in tanks, pipes, and more. Threaded plugs seal with greater grip because of their threads, and not just by relying on friction.

Threaded plugs are manufactured with heat-treated alloy steel or stainless steel, and installed with a standard hex wrench or socket.

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Non-Metal Plugs (Fiber / Wood)

Non-Metal Plugs (Fiber / Wood)

Available in wood or fiber (phenolic or micarta) these plugs are safe, easy to use, corrosion resistant, and easily removable for use in your heat exchanger, boiler or condenser.

Fiber / Wood plugs are easily installed with a gentle tap from a hammer and will expand by hydroscopic action to make an excellent seal while not damaging the tube sheet.

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